A real-life experience using panitumumab in chemo-refractory metastatic colorectal cancer patients: a retrospective analysis at the Jewish General Hospital, 2009-2012

A. Mamo, M. Cardoso Nogueira, G. Batist, M. Palumbo, L. Panasci, C. Ferrario, P. Chaudhury, P. Metrakos, P. Kavan

Abstract


Background

Panitumumab is a fully human monoclonal antibody, directed against the epidermal growth factor receptor, that was shown to be effective in third-line metastatic colorectal cancer. We performed a retrospective analysis of patients with chemo refractory non-KRAS-mutated metastatic colorectal cancer, who received panitumumab at the Jewish General Hospital in Montreal, Canada, between 2009 and 2012.

Methods

This chart review included 44 patients (median age: 60 years; performance status: 0–3), of whom 50% had already received three lines of treatment. The primary endpoint was progression-free survival (pfs). Secondary endpoints were overall survival and safety. Tumour progression was determined by radiologic assessments performed once every 3 months per clinical guidelines or by clinical deterioration as determined by the clinician–investigator.

Results

In our sample, median pfs was 21.86 ± 5.23 weeks (95% confidence interval: 12.9 to 36.9 weeks) and overall survival was 35.14 ± 7.75 weeks (95% confidence interval: 25.6 to 73.4 weeks) with a median of 5 cycles of panitumumab treatment. The most frequently reported toxicities with panitumumab were skin toxicity (16.2% grade 3) and hypomagnesemia (10.8% grade 3). No infusion reactions were reported.

Conclusions

Despite a small sample size from a single institution, our survival and efficacy data are encouraging and comparable to results obtained from the registration panitumumab trial. Our findings suggest that panitumumab can be effective and tolerable in a real-world setting.


Keywords


Metastatic colorectal cancer; panitumumab; progression- free survival; overall survival; safety

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3747/co.20.1271






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ISSN: 1198-0052 (Print) ISSN: 1718-7729 (Online)